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ALMPs introduced in response to the Global Crisis

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ALMPs introduced in response to the Global Crisis

Posted by Niall O'Higgins at July 20. 2010

Given the severity of the Global Economic and Financial Crisis, and the disproportionate extent to which the crisis has affected young people, I think it makes sense to start a new disucssion line with a focus on ALMPs which have been introduced as a response to the Global turndown. So any experiences of specific policies which have been introduced in repsonse to the crisis would be welcome here.

A key issue here is how to prevent the emergence or substanitial increase in the numbers of young people who do not manage to complete the transition from education to employment and consequnently run the risk of becoming permanently marginalised from mainstream employment options.

Re: ALMPs introduced in response to the Global Crisis

Posted by Richard Curtain at July 23. 2010


Training & employment initiatives of the Malaysian Government's Stimulus Package, March 2009

Providing Training and Creating Employment Opportunities in Malaysia

A total of 100,000 training opportunities and job placements will be undertaken as joint collaboration between the Government and the private sector. This will be implemented through training programmes by various Government agencies, including government-linked companies and the private sector, including private training institutes. The main objective is to enhance skills to meet industry requirements, as well as employability. The Government will also implement job placements and provide incentives to employers to recruit and train local workers. The intention is also to reduce dependence on foreign labour. An allocation of US 205 million (RM700 million) will be provided for this purpose.

One measure is to increase the number of participants under the Special Training and Re-Training Programmes for retrenched workers. Another is provide more funding for the Dual National Training Scheme to enhance the skills of those currently employed. Another measure is to increase the number of training programmes for enterprises in electrical and electronics, welding, robotics and construction. In addition, more industrial and technical skills training will be conducted by Skills Training Centres for 10,000 trainees.

The Securities Commission of Malaysia and Bank Negara Malaysia will provide on-the-job training for unemployed graduates in the financial sector by for a period of two years. A total of 1,000 unemployed graduates will be funded. Some 2,000 training opportunities and job placements in government business enterprises will also be funded, in the services sector, such as outsourcing, aviation, utilities, health and creative multimedia.

Funding has also been provided for 2,000 graduates and others to receive training for a period of six months to a year on how to set up their own enterprise. On completion of their training, they will receive financial assistance to set up their own business. Other funding will be provided to support up to 500 graduates to work in existing small and medium-sized enterprises.

The Government will also establish 22 ‘Jobs Malaysia’ Centres and upgrade 109 existing centres. These Centres will be located in high-density public areas, including shopping complexes to facilitate access for workers and employers to obtain job placements, career counselling and information on training opportunities. In addition, more large-scale job carnivals will be organised at the national level to assist the unemployed and retrenched workers obtain employment in the public and private sectors.

Creating Job Opportunities in the Public Sector

The Malaysian Government will recruit 63,000 staff to fill vacancies and serve as contract officers in various Government agencies. This recruitment will include the expediting the filling of 50,000 vacant posts at the support and professional levels in the Federal civil service. It will also include creating an additional 13,000 jobs for officers on a contract basis in Government agencies, as follows: 4,000 officers on short-term service, 1,000 graduates as school teachers on contract basis; 800 contract workers for the Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development for a period of six months to a year; 1,000 Public Health Assistants on contract basis in local authorities for control and prevention of infectious diseases, such as dengue;  4,500 contract officers as enumerators in the Department of Statistics to carry out population census; and 1,700 nurses and health support staff in the Ministry of Health.

Opportunities for Post-Graduate Education

The Malaysian government is encouraging more Malaysians to pursue Masters and PhD courses in Malaysia by funding 500 places studies at PhD level and 10,000 at Masters level in public institutions of higher education.

Assistance to young entrepreneurs

The PROSPER Graduate Programme was implemented in June 2005 to assist Malay graduates in retail or distributive business with training, financing and business advisory services. Participants are offered syariah-based financing of between US$1,500 to US$15,000 with a repayment period of 3 to 7 years. To date, a total of 334 businesses have been successfully established. To develop more young entrepreneurs, the scope of the Graduate PROSPER Programme will be expanded to include those with skills and technical certificates. An additional 400 graduates will benefit from the programme.

Re: ALMPs introduced in response to the Global Crisis

Posted by Valentina Barcucci at July 26. 2010

Dear Niall,

Many thanks for bringing up the topic of crisis responses addressing young people. On this matter, we could build on prior exchanges that took places on this platform in the last few months. In particular, I would like to recall participants' attention on a document that was shared at the end of last year during an APYN discussion forum on rights and conditions of young workers by Mr Gianni Rosas, coordinator of the Youth Employment Programme: http://ap-youthnet.ilobkk.or.th/discussion-lists/forums/rights-and-conditions/927175929/222853866/YE-crisis-response-_update-early-Nov-09.pdf .It is a table summarizing policy interventions targeting youth employment and undertaken by governments across the globe.  This discussion can be an excellent opportunity to  systematically update the table (in its Asia-Pacific content) through country inputs from APYN members. 

I would also like to flag a recent report published by the International Institute for Labour Studies, 'Youth Employment in Crisis' (http://www.ilo.org/public/english/bureau/inst/download/dp201.pdf).  Although it doesn't focus on Asia Pacific in particular, it provides a very interesting analysis of different crisis response measures targeting youth employment, and their pros and cons.  

Best,

Valentina

Youth Employment Officer, ILO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific

Re: ALMPs introduced in response to the Global Crisis

Posted by Stephan Ulrich at July 27. 2010
Hello all,
 
Thanks for the interesting discussion and good contributions. I am reading in the post on Malaysia that government is training young people in the electrical and electronics, welding, robotics and construction sectors. That made me wondering whether sectoral approaches to promoting youth employment are promising? Are there sectors that employ more young people than others? Maybe IT? 
 
If so, does it make sense to support these sectors with industrial policies or business development service programmes to encourage growth and employment creation for young people?
 
I am working on an ILO programme (SCORE) that promotes sustainable enterprises and responsible workplace practices in specific sectors and clusters. For sector selection, we use a list of criteria which include employment potential, decent work deficits, employment of women etc. As we are in the process of expanding the programme to cover new countries and sectors, would it make sense to add high employment potential for young people as a selection criteria where governments are interested in promoting youth employment?
 
Grateful for any ideas and shared experiences,
 
Best,
 
Stephan
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